Male breast enlargement, or gynecomastia, can be a sensitive issue and may feel embarrassing talking about it with your health care provider. But there’s no reason to feel uncomfortable — gynecomastia is completely normal and treatable. In fact, 30 percent of men go through it in their lifetime.

While many who are overweight or obese experience breast enlargement, excess pounds aren’t always the problem. If weight isn’t the issue, diet and exercise will not fix gynecomastia unless the underlying conditions causing it are fixed.

Causes of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is rarely the mark of a serious condition and most likely means you have low testosterone (low T) or excess estrogen in your body.

It can develop during puberty when there’s a hormonal change. Sometimes it resolves itself, but sometimes it doesn’t and you have to seek treatment to reduce the growth. It can also develop with age as testosterone drops.

Gynecomastia vs. Pseudogynecomastia

Gynecomastia is caused by excess breast tissue and pseudogynecomastia is caused by chest fat. High body fat, lack of workouts for chest fat, or high estrogen in the body can also cause pseudogynecomastia.

In order to diagnose true gynecomastia, a physical exam must be performed. The examiner will have you lie flat on your back with your hands behind your head. He’ll then slowly pinch your breast. A circular, firm mound of tissue will be felt if you have gynecomastia. If there’s no tissue present, you have pseudogynecomastia.

Gynecomastia Treatment

If you have low testosterone or what is known as male hypogonadism, testosterone replacement therapy could be the answer to improve your gynecomastia. The therapy is administered through intramuscular testosterone injections once a week.

However, excess estrogen in your body could cause gynecomastia. The male body converts unused testosterone into estrogen in a process called aromatization and sometimes converts too much. Aromatase inhibitor medication, such as anti-estrogen, estrogen blocker or anti-aromatase medication, may solve your problems.

To learn more reducing male breast growth through testosterone replacement therapy or medication, visit our contact page, or call (407) 878-7889 today.